Kathmandu Durbar Square
Centered in Kathmandu, Kathmandu Durbar Square has Hanuman Dhoka, Degutale Temple, Taleju Mandir, Nasal Chowk, and Nine story Basantapur Tower, Panch Mukhi Hanuman Temple, Mul Chowk, Mohan Chowk, Sundari Chowk, Tribhuvan Museum, King Mahendra Memorial Museum, and Kal Bhairab temple in its vicinity. Hindu Mythology boasts that if a person interprets 17th century stone inscriptions written in 15 different languages on the walls of the palace of Hanuman Dhoka, there would be instant flooding of milk from the wall. Hanuman Dhoka was the former Royal Palace of the Malla kings and later was passed onto the Shah dynasty.
The royal family lived in the Hanuman Dhoka palace till 1886 and thereafter shifted to Narayanhiti palace. However, the palace is still used for ritual and ceremonial occasions. A new King is crowned inside the palace. The palace has a 17th-century statue of Hanuman to the left of the palace entrance and an amazing sculpture of Lord Narasimha. The palace bears the historical reminisce of the Royal family, culture, and religion of Nepal. Museums inside the palace let one explore the culture, religion, custom, tradition, architecture, history of Royal palaces, etc.
Narayan Hiti Palace: Narayanhiti Palace Museum is the former royal palace in the center of the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, It is the palace that long served as a primary residence for the country’s monarchs. Narayanhiti, in Narayanhiti Palace, is made up of two words ‘Narayan’ and ‘hiti’. ‘Naryan’ is a form of Hindu god “Lord Vishnu” whose temple is located opposite to the palace and ‘hiti’ means “water spout” which is also located to the east of the main entrance in the precincts of the palace, and which has a legend associated with it. The entire enclosure surrounded by a compound wall, located in the north-central part of Kathmandu, is called the Narayanhiti palace. It was a new palace, in front of the old palace of 1915 vintage, built-in 1970 in the form of a contemporary Pagoda. It was built on the occasion of the marriage of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, the then heir apparent to the throne. The southern gate of the palace is located at the crossing of Prithvipath and Darbarmarg roads. The palace area covers (30 hectares (74 acres)) and is fully secured with gate-controlled walls on all sides. The palace, as previously discussed in Kathmandu’s history, was the scene of a gruesome tragedy, termed “Nepal’s greatest tragedy”, on June 1, 2001, the then king Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, and his family members were killed in a massacre. In 2008, the Shah monarchy ended and Nepal ceased to be a monarchy and the royal palace in Kathmandu was converted into a museum open to the public in February 2009. Finally, the average citizens of Nepal and the rest of the world can get a glimpse of what it was like to live like the king of Nepal. The Narayanhiti Palace was now Narayanhiti Palace Museum.